Floating solar power plant to be built in Africa

The scientists of Politecnico di Milano in Italy have started research for the introduction of floating solar power plants or floating solar photovoltaics to combat the energy and electricity crisis in various African countries. If electricity can be produced in this particular way, it is believed that more electricity will be available throughout Africa than the current hydroelectricity.

According to scientists, floating solar photovoltaic power plants are environmentally friendly despite various environmental damages caused by conventional hydroelectric power plants. In this method, various solar panels are kept floating on a water source. No permanent structure is required. This method is very effective for renewable energy generation. In hot regions where land is scarce or expensive, this method has the potential to generate electricity effectively. Currently, scientists are trying to reduce the stress on hydropower sources by using floating solar panels. The results of a study on this topic were published in e Nature Energy.

Scientist Wyatt Arnold said, ‘This method is very good as an alternative and sustainable technology for renewable energy. Dams at large hydropower plants pose environmental and social risks. Many countries are building hydropower plants or planning to expand older plants to meet their rapidly growing energy needs. Floating solar photovoltaic power plants can serve as a viable alternative or complement. Currently, we are building this structure on the Zambezi waterway. The Zambezi waterway connects several countries in Africa.

The Zambezi River is the fourth longest river in Africa. This river is home to the famous Victoria Falls. Dams on this river provide hydroelectric power to Zambia and Zimbabwe. Since 2016, floating solar photovoltaics have been producing electricity in different countries of the world.