Countdown to COP29: Key Issues as Nations Prepare for Crucial Climate Summit in Azerbaijan

COP29 climate summit

With less than five months remaining until COP29, the United Nations climate summit in Azerbaijan, countries are preparing for crucial discussions aimed at redirecting the globe away from fossil fuels and alleviating the most severe consequences of the climate problem. Amidst the global loss of lives due to intense heat, authorities in Bonn engaged in disputes on the funding for transitioning to a low-carbon economy and adapting to the effects of climate breakdown.

  1. Funding for initiatives related to climate change and environmental sustainability.
    Annually, a substantial amount of trillions of dollars is needed to shift away from fossil fuels, especially in emerging nations. The objective of COP29 is to develop a fresh, measurable objective for climate financing, which will replace the unfulfilled ambition of $100 billion per year set in 2009. Key concerns are the required financial resources, the involvement of the business sector, and broadening the pool of contributors to include affluent nations and fossil fuel-abundant powers such as China and Saudi Arabia.
  2. Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions
    In order to restrict the increase in global temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius, it is necessary to reduce emissions by 50% by the year 2030. Although COP29 will not prioritise national carbon reduction strategies, it is essential to enhance the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). The “troika” system, comprising Azerbaijan, UAE, and Brazil, seeks to guarantee consistency and exert greater pressure for the adoption of more ambitious objectives.
  3. Study of the influence of geography on politics and international relations.
    The impending US election looms ominously over climate negotiations. The possibility of Trump winning the election could hinder development, while the complex political situation in Europe makes it difficult to fulfil agreements. We need affluent nations to exhibit leadership in order to guarantee climate money and reductions in emissions.
  4. Deprivation and Harm
    Conversations over the allocation of funds for areas affected by disasters have come to a halt. The advancement on this matter is of utmost importance for COP29, since it is directly linked to wider discussions on climate finance.
  5. Non-renewable energy sources derived from the remains of ancient plants and animals, such as coal, oil, and natural gas.
    Despite the substantial profits generated by oil and gas firms, there is significant resistance to ideas for taxing these earnings to fund climate finance. This opposition is particularly strong among petrostates such as Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.

Azerbaijan is currently receiving significant attention.
Azerbaijan, as the host of COP29, intends to organise a “peaceful conference” despite its contentious human rights reputation. Activists are calling for the liberation of individuals detained for political reasons, drawing attention to the nation’s authoritarian rule and problems with corruption.

The effectiveness of COP29 depends on overcoming these obstacles to accomplish significant climate action.

Green Time Editorial Body